Sozopol is split into the Ancient and New town .The ancient town has a population of about 7,000 people. The town lies on a small peninsula in the farthest southern part of the Bourgas Bay. A one hundred-meter long strip of land connects it to the mainland. From 1925 on, the town has expanded in the direction of the Harmanite Area (the so-called 'new town').
The areas history dates back from the early 5-th Century B.C. Great conquerors and warriors like Alexander the Great, Marcus Lucul, Khan Kroum; Amadeus of Savoy all set foot here and led numerous battles for this picturesque and important for its location place on the Black sea coast. The remains of amphitheaters, churches and fortresses tell us the real history of the town and attract a number of archeologists all over the world.
Only wooden houses have ever been built there; the oldest of these can be still seen in the old quarter of the town. A small fishermen's settlement at the time of the Liberation, Sozopol gradually became the biggest fishing centre of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast, which also developed a tourism industry. Sozopol has a small picturesque harbor. The famous Tsar's Beach is located to the north of the town.Raiski Zaliv (Paradise Bay) is nestled among rocks to the south of the town, while further southwards are the Kavatsite beach. The Harmanite Beach is immediately to the south of the so-called 'new town'. An ancient necropolis was found here in 1993 and excavations are still going on.